Irregular Pigmentation Managed Effectively with Salon and Home Treatments
Even the palest of complexions is the result of the presence of the dark brown pigment known as melanin in certain specialised cells within the skin. In practice, it is the actual concentration of this substance that results in individuals with the range of skin tones typical of humans. Normally, the distribution of melanin is fairly even but, on occasions, either visibly darker or lighter spots can occur and will often prove to be a source of embarrassment to those affected. Fortunately, there is now a range of effective pigmentation services that are designed to help them manage the common forms of hyper- and hypo-pigmentation.
The causes of this irregular distribution vary and although some, such as freckling and port wine stains, may be present from birth, most are acquired later in life. More specifically, they are generally the result of some hormonal change, an inflammatory condition such as acne, a natural consequence of aging or the most common culprit of all – sun damage. In the latter case, it has been estimated that 90% of the damage may occur before the age of 7 and only manifest later in life in the form of solar lentigenes or so-called sun spots.
While the scarring resulting from acne can cause dark blotches, so too can the raised levels of oestrogen associated with pregnancy. In this case, the result is a condition known as chloasma and, as it affects the face primarily, it is commonly known as the mask of pregnancy.
Just as the causes and manifestation of anomalous pigmentation vary, so too do the appropriate treatment services. Of these, some are suitable for home use, while others must be undertaken by specialists. In many cases, the ideal course of therapy is likely to be a mix of the two. Of one thing there is no doubt – for those seeking help, the first step should always be to consult a specialist and not simply to apply some advertised online or OTC (over-the-counter) remedy promising instant results.
At all of our Laserderm Medical Aesthetic Centres in South Africa, each new patient will be fully evaluated by a qualified dermatologist who will then compile a suitable course of treatment that, most often, will comprise of a multi-level approach. Selecting from options such as chemical peels, laser resurfacing, microdermabrasion, topical infusions and LED light therapy, the specialist will make the choices needed to meet the unique requirements of your skin.
It is important to be aware that these specialised pigmentation services do not offer a quick fix, but rather a carefully devised series of treatments that, over time, is able to provide the long-lasting, visible results that you want.