CO2 (carbon dioxide) ablative laser resurfacing has been around for 20 odd years and can achieve very significant facial rejuvenation including wrinkle removal, skin tightening and removal of pigment and photo ageing skin changes, however it has several limitations including a prolonged and difficult recovery period, with prolonged facial redness that can last three months, hypo-pigmentation (lightening) and high risks of infection which can lead to scarring.

‘Fractional’ Laser Resurfacing has since been developed which has dramatically shortened recovery time and lessened the occurrence of complications.